Preventing Child Care Expulsion

One of the key goals of the PTAN Child Care Inclusion Project is to support providers who serve children with special needs so as to increase the rates of retention of children and reduce the number of times a child must change programs.

NH child care providers who are struggling to maintain a child with challenging behaviors or other special needs can call the PTAN Helpline [1-888-584-8200] to request assistance. PTAN provides free services to NH child care providers:
• Telephone consultation in the privacy of your program
• Onsite consultation from consultants’ with expertise matched to your specific need
• Individualized onsite staff development that improves your staff’s skills and satisfies licensing and credentialing requirements for in-service training

PTAN Child Care Expulsion Survey
In February 2011 PTAN surveyed a randomly selected group of NH child care programs to better understand the ‘who’, ‘what’ and ‘why’ of child care expulsions in NH.  The project collaborated with Michael Kalinowski, Ed.D, University of NH and an advisory committee that included child care teachers, administrators, Child Care Resource and Referral Coordinators, State Administrators and preschool special education coordinators.  Dr. Kalinowski managed the construction and dissemination of the survey and conducted the data analysis.  Below is his final report, “Children with Challenging Behaviors: Survey Results from Administrators and Teachers in Licensed Early Childhood Programs in NH”. Also posted is a summary written by Project Director, Joan M. Izen as well as the survey form.
M. Kalinowski Final ReportSurvey Summary
Director/Administrator SurveyTeacher/Caregiver Survey

Helpful Resources:

icon_newFour Pieces Address Expulsion and Suspension Practices in Early Learning Settings
Source: American Psychological Association – Retrieved February 4, 2015

Preschool expulsions occur at a significantly higher rate than that of grades K-12 and are greatly disproportionate to young boys of color. Part of President Obama’s “My Brother’s Keeper Initiative” encourages states, early childhood programs, and families to partner in preventing, reducing, and eventually eliminating the expulsion and suspension of young children from early learning programs. Recently, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families (ACF) worked with the American Psychological Association (APA) who highlighted this issue by hosting the following four pieces on Psychology Benefits Society, a blog from the APA Public Interest Directorate:

These pieces follow the release in December 2014 of the  Policy Statement on Expulsion and Suspension Practices in Early Learning Settingsby the U.S. Departments of Education (ED) and Health and Human Services (HHS).

Specific Tips for Communicating Concerns with Parents
Suggestions for talking to parents about your concerns for a child’s development from the
Cooperative Extension website

Expelled from Preschool: Why shutting out 3- and 4-year olds with challenging behavior isn’t working.  By Deirdre Wilson
This article recently published in the BostonParents Paper explains why expelling children from early childhood programs doesn’t work for the child, the family or the program.Expelled from Preschool | Boston Parents Paper

Implementing Policies to Reduce the Likelihood of Preschool Expulsion  This policy brief  by Walter S. Gilliam, examines factors associated with expulsion from prekindergarten. The author specifically addresses those factors that may inform changes in policy that can be both implemented and regulated. It is available online at
Posted in at March 4th, 2010. .

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PTAN gratefully acknowledges the support of its funders: NHDOE Bureau of Special Education, the NHDHHS
Child Development Bureau and over 40 School Districts statewide.